Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez: Muslims in the Classroom

The Valiant Woman: The Virgin Mary in Nineteenth-Century American Culture, by Elizabeth Hayes AlvarezWe welcome a guest blog post today from Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez, author of The Valiant Woman: The Virgin Mary in Nineteenth-Century American Culture. Nineteenth-century America was rife with Protestant-fueled anti-Catholicism. Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez reveals how Protestants nevertheless became surprisingly and deeply fascinated with the Virgin Mary, even as her role as a devotional figure who united Catholics grew. Documenting the vivid Marian imagery that suffused popular visual and literary culture, Alvarez argues that Mary became a potent, shared exemplar of Christian womanhood around which Christians of all stripes rallied during an era filled with anxiety about the emerging market economy and shifting gender roles.

In a previous post, Alvarez wrote about Pope Francis’s 2015 visit to Philadelphia. In today’s post, she responds to anti-Muslim rhetoric on the campaign trail with a look inside her multi-religious classroom. 

###

Donald Trump’s suggested ban on Muslims entering the United States and the creation of a Muslim “registry” has been widely (and wisely) condemned. But from my perspective in the classroom, I see how the ideas are already affecting young people. Amid the rows of Catholics, Jews, agnostics, and evangelicals in my religion courses sit dozens of students hailing from the Middle East and South Asia. Their presence is a very good thing. Like most of my students, they are open, curious, and eager to learn. And they are baffled and intimidated by Trump’s rhetoric.

This past year American universities hosted 975,000 foreign students, with approximately 60,000 coming from Saudi Arabia, 9,000 from Kuwait, and 11,000 from Iran. Studying in the United States is both an opportunity and a challenge for them. All young people who travel to other parts of the world to attend college are brave. They are away from home, often for the first time, learning in a non-native language at an institution with different academic and cultural conventions. American education institutions have reassured them that they will be welcomed and supported.

It’s a privilege to watch young adults find their voices, ask questions, share experiences, and reason together. In a climate of increasing violence and fear, moments of understanding and mutual recognition matter. Like my other students, some of my international Muslim students are not religious, others are; some don’t want to talk about their own faith, others do. But over the last few years, these students have sat down for conversations with Reform rabbis and Catholic priests, posed for photos in front of altars and bimahs, and reminded their classmates again and again that they are “people of the book” who honor the Hebrew prophets, Jesus, and his mother Mary. They make comparisons and try to build bridges of understanding. Maybe, they ask, Lent and Ramadan are both times of self-denial and penance? Maybe we all attend services for community support as well as to worship and pray? Continue reading ‘Elizabeth Hayes Alvarez: Muslims in the Classroom’ »

OAH Award-Winning History Books from UNC Press

logo- Annual Meeting of the Organization of American HistoriansOver the weekend at their annual meeting, the Organization of American Historians (OAH) honored seven of our authors with recognition of their outstanding books. Featured below are our five prize winners and two honorable mentions. We hope you’ll join us in celebrating these fine authors and the excellent historical work we have had the privilege to publish. Click the cover images or book titles to read a sample on the UNC Press website.

Darlene Clark Hine Award

Best book in African American women’s and gender history. See a list of previous Darlene Clark Hine Award winners.

2016 Winner! Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South, by Talitha L. LeFlouria

Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South, by Talitha L. LeFlouria

2016 Honorable Mention: Florynce “Flo” Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical, by Sherie M. Randolph

Florynce “Flo” Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical, by Sherie M. Randolph

Frederick Jackson Turner Award

For a first scholarly book dealing with some aspect of American history. See a list of previous Frederick Jackson Turner Award winners.

2016 Winner! Mark G. Hanna, author of Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740, Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia

Pirate Nests and the Rise of the British Empire, 1570-1740, by Mark G. Hanna

2016 Honorable Mention: Seeds of Empire: Cotton, Slavery, and the Transformation of the Texas Borderlands, 1800-1850, by Andrew J. Torget

Seeds of Empire: Cotton, Slavery, and the Transformation of the Texas Borderlands, 1800-1850, by Andrew J. Torget

Liberty Legacy Foundation Award

Best book on the civil rights struggle from the beginnings of the nation to the present. See a list of previous Liberty Legacy Foundation Award winners.

2016 Winner! Liberated Threads: Black Women, Style, and the Global Politics of Soul, by Tanisha C. Ford

Liberated Threads: Black Women, Style, and the Global Politics of Soul, by Tanisha C. Ford

Merle Curti Award

Best book in American social history. See a list of previous Merle Curti Award winners.

2016 Winner! Corazón de Dixie: Mexicanos in the U.S. South since 1910, by Julie M. Weise

Corazón de Dixie: Mexicanos in the U.S. South since 1910, by Julie M. Weise

Richard W. Leopold Prize

Best book on foreign policy, military affairs, historical activities of the federal government, documentary histories, or biography written by a U.S. government historian or federal contract historian. See a list of previous Richard W. Leopold Prize winners.

2016 Winner! Bringing God to Men: American Military Chaplains and the Vietnam War, by Jacqueline E. Whitt

Bringing God to Men: American Military Chaplains and the Vietnam War, by Jacqueline E. Whitt

Congratulations again to all of our authors!

John Shelton Reed: Busting a Barbecue Myth

Barbecue: a Savor the South® cookbook, by John Shelton ReedWe welcome to the blog a guest post by John Shelton Reed, author of Barbecue: a SAVOR THE SOUTH® cookbook. Reed’s Barbecue celebrates a southern culinary tradition forged in coals and smoke. Since colonial times southerners have held barbecues to mark homecomings, reunions, and political campaigns; today barbecue signifies celebration as much as ever. In a lively and amusing style, Reed traces the history of southern barbecue from its roots in the sixteenth-century Caribbean, showing how this technique of cooking meat established itself in the coastal South and spread inland from there. He discusses how choices of meat, sauce, and cooking methods came to vary from one place to another, reflecting local environments, farming practices, and history.

In a previous post, Reed shares a surprising cocktail recipe reminiscent of a Southern backyard barbecue. In today’s post, Reed shares the most important ingredient in barbecue and the myths surrounding it.

###

In 2013 Dan Levine and I founded the Campaign for Real Barbecue, to promote the Southern tradition of wood-cooked barbecue. We have been working to identify and applaud those barbecue places that still cook in the old-school way, to encourage new “artisanal” wood-cooking barbecue establishments, and to persuade gas-cookers to return to the True Faith. Our website, TrueCue.org, asserts, “Good barbecue can’t be cooked entirely with gas or electricity. Wood smoke is what makes Real Barbecue. And good barbecue cooked entirely with wood is the gold standard by which all others are judged.”

Unfortunately, many “barbecue” restaurants have stopped cooking with wood, or never did. This sorry condition seems to be especially advanced in North Carolina. Outsiders are starting to notice, and our state’s longstanding reputation for barbecue excellence has begun to suffer. Lolis Eric Elie, the author of Smokestack Lightning, remarked recently that “there are far more gas and electric pits [in the Carolinas] than in other parts of barbecue country,” and called it “a disturbing trend that needs to be reversed.” The late Bob Kantor, who cooked with wood on Haight Street in San Francisco at Memphis Minnie’s, professed himself “puzzled and deeply concerned at what appears to be a trend in North Carolina towards substituting gas and electric for wood.” And Jim Shahin, barbecue columnist for the Washington Post, has observed, “Gas has made many inroads into North Carolina barbecue and the authentic wood-only barbecue there is in some jeopardy.” I could go on.

It’s true that cooking with gas or electricity is cheaper and easier, and the product is more consistent (if not great). But when we ask gassers why they don’t cook with wood, they seldom mention those considerations. Instead, what we almost always hear is stuff like “The city won’t let us,” or “The inspector made us stop,” or “It’s against the Clean Air regulations.” In short, the government made them do it.

But this never comes with specifics. Continue reading ‘John Shelton Reed: Busting a Barbecue Myth’ »

UNC Press Receives Grant to Support System-Wide Publishing Initiatives

UNC Press News header

UNC Press contact: John McLeod, 919-962-8419, john_mcleod@unc.edu

UNC Press Receives Grant from the William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust to Support System-Wide Publishing Initiatives

In August 2015, with grant funds provided by the office of University of North Carolina president Thomas W. Ross, the University of North Carolina Press launched the Office of Scholarly Publishing Services (OSPS) with the purpose of providing sustainable, mission-driven publishing models and solutions to the campuses of the UNC system. Today, the Press announces a $50,000 one-to-one challenge grant from the William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust to support the work of the OSPS. Established in honor of President Ross for his vision and support of the OSPS, this eventual $100,000 expendable fund will provide small grants for publishing projects.

“This generous grant from the Kenan Trust will benefit institutions throughout the system as they begin to launch publishing initiatives with the OSPS,” commented Junius Gonzales, senior vice president for academic affairs for the University of North Carolina. “We are very appreciative of the opportunities this grant will provide.”

“Initial publishing costs are often barriers to institutions that want to publish the work of their faculty,” said John McLeod, director of the OSPS. “There are some exciting initiatives under way that just need a modest financial push to get off the ground, and we anticipate that these funds will really make an impact.”

The OSPS will issue a call for proposals early in the summer of 2016. Enabling the creation of Open Educational Resources and creating sustainable publishing initiatives that advance institutions’ missions will be two broad criteria that applicants will be asked to consider. Projects will be evaluated by a group composed of UNC Press staff, a representative from the University Library Advisory Council, and Matthew Rascoff, vice president for technology-based learning and innovation at the University of North Carolina.

“We are extremely grateful for the Kenan Trust’s support of this significant new effort,” said John Sherer, the Spangler Family Director of UNC Press. “It will allow the Press to create system-wide efficiencies and opportunities to lower costs to students, libraries, and other campus units.”

The OSPS offers an array of services in three broad areas: editorial, design, and production; sales, marketing, and distribution; and advising on copyright, publishing strategy, and business planning. By leveraging the expertise of UNC Press and its Longleaf Distribution Services platform, and by partnering with libraries, research centers, and other institutions, the OSPS seeks to offer high-level professional publishing support for people in the UNC System.

People interested in making a charitable gift in response to the Kenan Trust’s challenge should contact Joanna Ruth Marsland, director of development at UNC Press, at Joanna_Ruth_Marsland@unc.edu or 919-962-0924.

###

John Sherer: The Cost to Publish a Monograph Is Both Too Low and Too High

[This post was originally published at In the Open.]

Last Fall, consultants from Ithaka S&R visited the University of North Carolina Press to gather data they would use in writing a report on the costs of publishing a scholarly monograph. At the time, I couldn’t help but wonder whether the Press staff felt like they were being interviewed by the Bobs from “Office Space.” We were being asked how much time we spend on individual projects. How do we allocate our days? What work do we perform in-house versus outsourcing? And we were being told we would be given tools to measure our productivity and costs against our peers.

In February Ithaka released their study. No PC-Load Letter printers appear to have been harmed in the process.

Here’s what’s great about the report. It reveals in granular detail the amount of care and talent required to produce a high quality humanities monograph. And it isn’t cheap. The costs range from a baseline number of around $25,000 per book to figures three and four times that amount. By some estimates, American university presses produce upwards of several thousand monographs a year. A quick calculation suggests that UPs are covering a minimum of $50 million in expenses to make this scholarship available. I can make the argument it’s twice that amount.

But here’s what gives me pause about the report. Continue reading ‘John Sherer: The Cost to Publish a Monograph Is Both Too Low and Too High’ »

Obama Lands in Cuba

With his arrival in Cuba yesterday, President Barack Obama has become the first sitting U.S. president to visit the island nation since 1928. This three-day trip is just one step in the major shift under the Obama administration to begin to normalize diplomatic relations with Cuba. For insightful historical perspective on what this trip means, we check in with some UNC Press authors who are providing helpful analysis.

William LeoGrande and Peter Kornbluh are co-authors of Back Channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana. Kornbluh, who is on location in Havana, appeared on Democracy Now! today and discussed the handling of protesters and the political and economic strategy of Obama bringing with him on this trip CEOs and entrepreneurs from the U.S.:

Back Channel to Cuba: The Hidden History of Negotiations between Washington and Havana, Updated Edition, by William LeoGrande and Peter KornbluhLeoGrande writes at Huffington Post (in a piece originally published by the Cuban journal Revista Temas) that there are still hurdles yet ahead to fully normalizing relations between the countries. The first two hurdles:

The biggest hurdle to fully normal relations is the continuing U.S. economic embargo. In the 15 months since December 17, 2014, President Obama has licensed significant exceptions to the embargo, opening the door for more U.S. residents to travel to Cuba and more U.S. businesses to trade with Cuban enterprises. But the core of the embargo remains in place: Cuban state enterprises cannot export to the United States and most U.S. businesses cannot invest in Cuba or become joint enterprise partners with Cuban firms.

Since lifting the entire embargo requires that Congress repeal the 1996 Helms-Burton law (the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act), the embargo will not be lifted during Obama’s remaining time in office. In the middle of a heated presidential election campaign, Republicans controlling both the House of Representatives and the Senate will not take any action that makes Obama’s policy look like a success.

The second biggest obstacle to fully normal relations is the U.S. base at Guantánamo. The United States recognizes Guantánamo as sovereign Cuban territory, but it nevertheless refuses to return the base to Cuban control. For the foreseeable future, the top issue on the U.S. agenda regarding Guantánamo will not be how to return it to Cuba, but rather how to close the detention center that Obama pledged to close when he was elected. That has to come first.

Continue reading ‘Obama Lands in Cuba’ »

Excerpt: Chained in Silence, by Talitha L. LeFlouria

Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South, by Talitha L. LeFlouriaIn 1868, the state of Georgia began to make its rapidly growing population of prisoners available for hire. The resulting convict leasing system ensnared not only men but also African American women, who were forced to labor in camps and factories to make profits for private investors. In this vivid work of history, Talitha L. LeFlouria draws from a rich array of primary sources to piece together the stories of these women, recounting what they endured in Georgia’s prison system and what their labor accomplished.

In the following excerpt from Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South (pp. 85-88), LeFlouria investigates how black females imprisoned in Georgia during the late nineteenth century sought to resist disguised versions of postbellum “slavery.”  

###

Rawhide Whips and Resistance

For many Americans, Independence Day of 1884 was an occasion for merriment. Sunrise gun salutes, picnics, orations, wheelbarrow races, greased-pig-catching contests, and pulsating fireworks that blistered the sky were popular scenes implanted in America’s nineteenth-century viewfinder. But for fourteen-year-old Mollie White, July 4, 1884, signified the closing of her innocence and the suspension of her liberty and bodily sovereignty; it was the day that marked her dreadful passage into Georgia’s itinerant state penitentiary system. Convicted of larceny, White was leased to the B. G. Lockett brickyard to serve out a two-year sentence. Upon entry, her pubescent five-foot, 100-pound body was inspected by a camp authority who decided that, based on her frail physique, she would be most useful as a cook and gardener.

At the B. G. Lockett brickyard, Mollie White prepared meals, dished up prisoners’ feed, and cleaned the soiled shovels and buckets used to serve the nauseating fodder. One year into her sentence, she was moved from the Lockett camp to the Chattahoochee brick plant, where she served out the remainder of her term as a cook. Even supposing the youngster’s work assignments were less rigorous when compared with other female inmates’, youth or labor leniency had little effect on her susceptibility to violence. Mollie White recouped in the area of physical cruelty what she was spared in hard labor.

The Chattahoochee brickyard hosted a series of violent episodes starring “Captain” James T. Casey, overseer for the brick plant. The whipping boss excelled in his role as a disciplinarian and enforcer of white supremacy. He practiced his part by beating fifteen to twenty convicts, daily, often until they “begged and screamed,” fell dead on the ground, or toppled over from exhaustion, heatstroke, of the effects of fiendish brutality. Casey was loyal to the antebellum ethos of plantation management, and he replicated the processes of terror and brutality perfected by slave drivers who used excessive violence to intimidate black captives. He supplemented the old formula with fresh rage, exercising immense cruelty to extract as much labor as possible and to create a docile workforce.

When it came to black female convicts, the whip was Casey’s preferred instrument of torture. An assiduous note taker, the “boss” documented his volatile rage in a series of monthly “whipping reports.” On November 3, 1885, Kate Clarke and Susan Hill experienced one of Casey’s fits. Both women were given twenty-five lashes apiece for “fighting.”[1] Whether Clarke and Hill quarreled with one another or formed a joint attack against Casey is unspecified. Yet, given the collective nature of resistance that sometimes surfaced among female offenders, in addition to Casey’s heavy-handed response to these prisoners’ indiscipline, it is conceivable that this incident involved direct action against the temperamental whipping boss.

Like violence, resistance was a universal outcome of captivity. Continue reading ‘Excerpt: Chained in Silence, by Talitha L. LeFlouria’ »

  1. [1] “Whipping Report at Chattahoochee Camp,” 1885, GA.

Excerpt: The Ashley Cooper Plan, by Thomas D. Wilson

The Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture, by Thomas D. WilsonThomas D. Wilson offers surprising new insights into the origins of the political storms we witness today. Wilson connects the Ashley Cooper Plan—a seventeenth-century model for a well-ordered society imagined by Anthony Ashley Cooper (1st Earl of Shaftesbury) and his protégé John Locke—to current debates about views on climate change, sustainable development, urbanism, and professional expertise in general. In doing so, he examines the ways that the city design, political culture, ideology, and governing structures of the Province of Carolina have shaped political acts and public policy even in the present.

In the following excerpt from The Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture (pp. 184-186), Wilson describes the philosophy behind Cooper’s plan for cities in the American South and shows how the city planning model shifted after the Enlightenment.

###

Ashley Cooper’s Grand Model was the ultimate product of English colonial policy, political philosophy, and city planning prior to the Enlightenment. The Fundamental Constitutions and “instructions,” products of both Ashley Cooper and Locke, formed a body of law and policy written by two of the most astute minds of the time, tempered to be sure by the diverse opinions of the remaining seven Carolina proprietors. Within those documents, city planning (in the broad sense of the term used throughout) held an essential place in the overall design of the colony’s social structure, economy, and government.

Cities of Ashley Cooper’s time were necessary for government, commerce, and the cultural pursuits of aristocracy. City planning was essential to those purposes. But cities were not yet seen as great engines of prosperity and democracy, and they were not yet perceived as a medium capable of leveling class structure, providing education and upward mobility, or fostering creativity among the talented whether poor or wealthy. Urban democracy was still seen as mob rule, and it would continue to be seen that way until the Enlightenment, when the premise that all men are created equal became axiomatic.

When Carolina was founded in the predawn of the Enlightenment, an ordinary English citizen was expected to live in a village where life was well ordered and the lord of the manor or other person of authority looked after his people and represented them in London’s halls of power. It was a society descended from an ancient Gothic framework, one from which Ashley Cooper and Locke saw an opportunity to perfect the English ideals of balanced government, noblesse oblige, and class reciprocity on the blank slate of American wilderness.[1]

The new cities of America envisioned by the Grand Model were planned to be healthier, more efficient, and more civilized, yet reserved for the few who had some purpose to live there. Cities were to be located on rivers at points that would be healthful and central for regional development; they were to be designed with a geometry that would provide for efficient growth; they were to have public squares and river frontage set aside for civic and commercial uses; they were to have aesthetic merit; and they were to be laid out to ensure health and public safety, benefiting from the lessons of the Great Plague and the Great Fire of 1666. Cities were designed to serve a hinterland of estates and villages where most people would find fulfillment in life within their stratum in the social hierarchy. As the colony grew, it would proceed in an orderly and efficient manner, establishing economies of scale before extending into adjacent, newly formed jurisdictions; unplanned growth would not be permitted to leapfrog into new areas until services and infrastructure were in place. In today’s terminology, the model was consistent with principles of “sustainable development” and “smart growth.” Yet the plan was devised by Ashley Cooper and John Locke, fathers of republicanism and classical liberalism—the foundations of modern conservatism and libertarianism, traditions that have now turned against the planning model their idols invented.

James Oglethorpe’s plan for Georgia was a sequel to the Grand Model, consistent with it in many respects but updated with one great departure—the application of the premise that all men are created equal. The plan reveals how a new idea of the city emerged as the ideals of the Enlightenment supplanted those of Ashley Cooper’s age. The philosophy of the city that guided Oglethorpe remained fundamentally that of Ashley Cooper: it aimed to create well-designed places to support essential regional functions, but not places that would attract the multitudes and grow indefinitely. However, the now famous Oglethorpe Plan differed from the Ashley Cooper Plan in another fundamental way Continue reading ‘Excerpt: The Ashley Cooper Plan, by Thomas D. Wilson’ »

  1. [1] Campbell, Mildred. The English Yeoman under Elizabeth and the Early Stuarts. 1942. London: Merlin Press, 1983, pp. 315, 32. Mobility in the countryside was limited.

John Shelton Reed: The Pig Picker: A Barbecue Cocktail

Barbecue: a SAVOR THE SOUTH® cookbook, by John Shelton ReedWe welcome to the blog a guest post by John Shelton Reed, author of Barbecue: a SAVOR THE SOUTH® cookbook. Reed’s Barbecue celebrates a southern culinary tradition forged in coals and smoke. Since colonial times southerners have held barbecues to mark homecomings, reunions, and political campaigns; today barbecue signifies celebration as much as ever. In a lively and amusing style, Reed traces the history of southern barbecue from its roots in the sixteenth-century Caribbean, showing how this technique of cooking meat established itself in the coastal South and spread inland from there. He discusses how choices of meat, sauce, and cooking methods came to vary from one place to another, reflecting local environments, farming practices, and history.

In today’s post, Reed shares a new spin on cocktails and barbecue sauce that is sure to transport you to a smoky backyard gathering in the South. 

###

We North Carolinians love our vinegar-based barbecue sauces. In fact, we love them so much we don’t just splash them on barbecue: East of Raleigh we boil potatoes in sauce-spiked water; west of Raleigh sauce goes in slaw. So why not a cocktail with sauce in it?

Well, you got it. Susannah Brinkley, a graphic designer in Charlotte, asked Amanda Fisher and Paul Bright, compilers of The Great NC BBQ Map, to come up with one for her Feast+West food blog, and Amanda and Paul delivered, with the Southern Islander Shrub. Shrubs, if you didn’t know (I didn’t), are drinks made with vinegar, sugar, and fruit; this one uses Eastern-style barbecue sauce, vinegar, and pineapple juice (that’s the “Islander” part).  Continuing the barbecue theme, the drink is served in a glass rimmed with smoked sea salt.

Amanda and Paul’s recipe is really good (try it), but my wife and co-author Dale doesn’t much like pineapple juice.  So I started fooling around with alternatives and came up with one that substitutes peach nectar and uses cane sugar syrup instead of honey. Peaches and cane sugar make this drink even more Southern, don’t you think?

I call the drink a Pig Picker. Here’s how to make it.

Pig Picker Continue reading ‘John Shelton Reed: The Pig Picker: A Barbecue Cocktail’ »

Help Celebrate an Appalachian Icon: Grandfather Mountain

Grandfather Mountain: The History and Guide to an Appalachian Icon, by Randy JohnsonDo you remember Mildred the Bear? Have you attended the Highland Games? Or walked across the Mile High Swinging Bridge? With its prominent profile recognizable for miles around and featuring beloved Appalachian vistas, North Carolina’s Grandfather Mountain is many things to many people: an easily recognized landmark along the Blue Ridge Parkway, a popular tourist destination, a site of annual Highland Games, and an internationally recognized nature preserve.

With your help, we can publish Randy Johnson’s unique and personal telling of Grandfather Mountain: The History and Guide to an Appalachian Icon, which includes more than 200 historical and contemporary photographs, maps, and a practical guide to hiking the extensive trails, appreciating key plant and animal species, and photographing the natural wonder that is Grandfather.

In this definitive book on Grandfather Mountain, Johnson guides readers on a journey through the mountain’s history, from its geological beginnings millennia ago and the early days of exploration, to its role in regional development, and eventual establishment as a North Carolina state park. Johnson draws not only on historical sources but on his rich personal experience working closely on the mountain alongside former owner Hugh Morton and others.

Join us in memorializing this cultural icon of lasting significance. It’s your Grandfather, too.

Your gift will underwrite the considerable production costs for 5,000 copies of this lushly illustrated volume, with 206 images spread throughout 304 pages.

Now through March 31, 2016, a generous friend of UNC Press will contribute $1 for every $1 you donate through our power2give.org initiative, up to $6,000! And, all gifts are charitable contributions, so donate today.

Awesome benefits are available to donors:

  • Donate $25: Your donation will cover the costs of including 1 of 206 images in the book. You will receive a thank-you note from UNC Press.
  • Donate $100: Your donation will cover the costs of including 4 of 206 images in the book. You will receive a handwritten thank-you note from UNC Press plus an invitation to meet author Randy Johnson during the book tour.
  • Donate $250: Your donation will cover the costs of including 10 of 206 images in the book. You will receive a thank you note from UNC Press and an invitation to an exclusive guided tour on Grandfather Mountain with author Randy Johnson.
  • Donate $500: Your donation will cover the costs of including 20 of 206 images in the book. You will receive a thank you note from UNC Press, an invitation to an exclusive guided tour on Grandfather Mountain with author Randy Johnson, and an exclusive copy of “the bonus chapter” of text and images not included in the book.

donate now
Thank you for helping bring this book to life!

Excerpt: Native American Whalemen and the World, by Nancy Shoemaker

shoemaker_nativeIn the nineteenth century, nearly all Native American men living along the southern New England coast made their living traveling the world’s oceans on whaleships. Many were career whalemen, spending twenty years or more at sea. Highlighting the shifting racial ideologies that shaped the lives of these whalemen, Nancy Shoemaker shows how the category of “Indian” was as fluid as the whalemen were mobile.

In the following excerpt from Native American Whalemen and the World: Indigenous Encounters and the Contingency of Race (pp. 40-44), Shoemaker explores the racial profiling and “glass ceilings” that affected Native American and African American whalemen in the 1800s.

###

Native Americans were one small constituency in a diverse whaling workforce brought together by ship owners for one purpose only—to cooperate in gathering whale products from the world’s oceans.[1] The merchant investors, who did the initial hiring, sought trustworthy, skilled officers and cheap, hardy, and obedient laborers. With profit as their objective, they were open to hiring any man who could do the job but not if the crew’s social composition threatened orderly collaboration. From the top down, federal laws and industry standards applied measures to enhance productivity by dampening the volatility such diversity produced: they privileged rank over race and regulated the number of foreigners serving on American ships. From the bottom up, seamen brought prejudices on board with them. The color of one’s skin, the land of one’s birth, and the language one spoke inflected how shipmates interacted with each other and at any time could combust in conflict. Even though race had no formal role in how the ship operated, it loitered beneath the surface to bear on who was hired to do what job and shadowed shipboard relations with unspoken assumptions. Cultural differences rooted in national origins, though more institutionalized in industry policies than race, created another kind of divisive social hierarchy informing shipboard relations. Gender had the capacity to ease tensions rooted in race and ethnicity by giving whalemen a means to construct a more unified shipboard culture around a common identity as men.

Race generalized to create distance between white men and men of color but also particularized to produce myriad, divergent experiences. That Native American and African American men were both racial minorities within the United States or that Native Americans and Pacific Islanders were both indigenous peoples confronting colonization suggests that bonds might have formed along these lines, but if any one ethnic group felt a special allegiance to another aboard ship, it is not apparent in whaling records. Even New England natives showed the strongest attachment to their own local communities, and Mashpee Wampanoags, Gay Head Wampanoags, and Shinnecocks often shipped in groups but did not usually intermingle. Five or six Shinnecocks on the same voyage was especially common. But the rare instances of Long Island natives and Wampanoags or Wampanoags from Mashpee and Martha’s Vineyard working on the same vessel appear to have happened only by chance.[2] All whalemen recognized a connection as occupants of a small, floating social community, but their heterogeneity could often pull them apart.

Race was one of the most divisive elements even though it had no official function in how the whaling industry operated. Beginning with the first nationwide census in 1790, the U.S. Census Bureau highlighted race as a vital social characteristic for understanding the makeup of the American populace, but federal maritime law downplayed race. The U.S. Customs Bureau’s paperwork for overseas voyages—seamen’s certificates of protection, crew lists, and shipping articles—had no category for race. The certificate of protection acted like a passport. Issued by a port authority, it gave a seaman’s name, birthplace, place of residence, age, and height and described his complexion and hair for purposes of personal identification. As the early American republic’s response to Barbary pirates, French and British privateers, and British impressment of American sailors, the protection vaguely hinted at diplomatic relief for sailors captured by pirates or foreign governments.[3] Inside the United States, federal and state laws left ambiguous the citizenship status of free blacks and did not consider Indians U.S. citizens, but as American-born seamen of color on overseas voyages, they were entitled to the same protection afforded white native-born and naturalized Americans.[4]

Information from protections was transferred to crew lists, which therefore had columns for height, complexion, and hair but still no category for race. One port authority in New London in the 1840s must have thought race important because, after filling in the complexion column with “black” or “Col’d,” the official added in the margins “A Negro,” “An Indian,” or “Mulatto,” but the form itself did not ask for racial designations.[5] The absence of a racial category on crew lists has confounded historians investigating race in maritime history. Some have attempted to treat complexion and hair as a proxy for race.[6] However, the plethora of complexion labels defies easy synthesis. Men who probably thought of themselves as white appear on crew lists with fair, light, dark, brown, sandy, ruddy, freckled, and occasionally swarthy complexions. Men of color were all over the map, too—rarely brown or dark, but instead black, African, negro, Indian, native, Kanaka (from the Hawaiian word for “man” and referring to a Pacific Islander), mulatto, colored, yellow, copper, and occasionally swarthy. Hair color, or “quality” as on some printed forms, added racial content. “Wooly” on a man with a yellow or colored complexion implied African descent, whereas a man with a yellow or colored complexion but “black strait” hair suggested Indian ancestry. That “brown” and “dark” rarely described the complexions of men known to be of Indian or African descent in a time when dark and brown had racial inferences, in phrases such as “darkies” or “brown people,” is one of crew lists’ peculiarities.

Another is how a man’s complexion might change over several voyages. Continue reading ‘Excerpt: Native American Whalemen and the World, by Nancy Shoemaker’ »

  1. [1] On crew diversity, see Busch, “Whaling Will Never Do for Me,” ch. 3; Schell, “A Bold and Hardy Race of Men,” ch. 6.
  2. [2] Examples include six Mashpee men (Isaac F. Hendrick, Walter R. Mingo, Watson F. T. Hammond, Kilbourn Webquish, and Grafton and Nicholas Pocknett), Departure crew list. U.S. Customs Office list of men departing on overseas voyages (DPT), ship Liverpool II of New Bedford, 1851–1853; seven Gay Head men (George and William Belain, Jonathan Cuff, Zaccheus Cooper, Joel Jared, William Weeks, and Thomas Jeffers), DPT, ship Adeline of New Bedford, 1843–1846; and ten Shinnecocks (Andrew, Wickham, Elias, and two James Cuffees, David and Alonzo Eleazer, Russell and William Bunn, and Milton Lee), ship Panama of Sag Harbor, 1847–1850, departure crew list at New Bedford Whaling Museum (NBW).
  3. [3] Stein, American Maritime Documents, 50–58, 145–48, 154; Sherman, Voice of the Whaleman, 59–65; Dana, Seaman’s Friend, 177–78.
  4. [4] Bradburn, Citizenship Revolution, ch. 7; Kettner, Development of American Citizenship, ch. 10.
  5. [5] For example, Departure crew list. U.S. Customs Office list of men returning from an overseas voyage (RTN), ship Jason of New London, 1842–1844, and ship Robert Browne of New London, 1842–1845.
  6. [6] Silverman, Faith and Boundaries, appendix B. Bolster, Black Jacks, 234–39, divides complexions into two categories, black and white; Putney’s Black Sailors similarly treats those with “yellow,” “coloured,” “mulatto,” and “black” complexions as African American.

Books in American History now 40% off!

2016 Early American History Sale

Last week, in honor of African American History Month, we shared a list of our newest African American history books here at UNC Press. Now, to accompany our reading list, we’re offering 40% off our entire American History collection!

Enter the code 01DAH40 at checkout to save 40% on any UNC Press book. Plus, all orders of $75.00 or more will be shipped FREE.

Browse the books below for a preview of what’s hot off the press in early American history. To see other Spring 2016 titles and more, visit our website.

The Common Cause: Creating Race and Nation in the American Revolution , by Robert G. ParkinsonAtlantic Africa and the Spanish Caribbean, 1570-1640, by David WheatBuilding the British Atlantic World: Spaces, Places, and Material Culture, 1600-1850, edited by Daniel Maudlin and Bernard L. HermanNathaniel Bowditch and the Power of Numbers: How a Nineteenth-Century Man of Business, Science, and the Sea Changed American Life, by Tamara Plakins ThorntonBoy Soldiers of the American Revolution, by Caroline CoxThe Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture, by Thomas D. WilsonSelling Empire: India in the Making of Britain and America, 1600-1830, by Jonathan EacottThe Short Life of Free Georgia: Class and Slavery in the Colonial South. by Noeleen McIlvennaAdventurism and Empire: The Struggle for Mastery in the Louisiana-Florida Borderlands, 1762-1803, by David NarrettFinal Passages: The Intercolonial Slave Trade of British America, 1619-1807, by Gregory E. O'Malley

Crystal R. Sanders: The 1966 Preschool March on Washington

A Chance for Change: Head Start and Mississippi's Black Freedom Struggle, by Crystal R. SandersWe welcome a guest post by Crystal R. Sanders, author of A Chance for Change: Head Start and Mississippi’s Black Freedom Struggle. In this innovative study, Sanders explores how working-class black women, in collaboration with the federal government, created the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) in 1965, a Head Start program that not only gave poor black children access to early childhood education but also provided black women with greater opportunities for political activism during a crucial time in the unfolding of the civil rights movement.

Today, February 11, 2016, marks the 50th anniversary of the CDGM Head Start program’s march on Capitol Hill. Sanders details the history here.

###

Fifty years ago today, 48 preschoolers from Mississippi and their chaperones took over the ornate United States House of Representatives Education and Labor Committee hearing room in Washington, D.C. The youngsters came to Capitol Hill seeking refunding of the Child Development Group of Mississippi (CDGM) Head Start program. Head Start began in 1965 as a War on Poverty initiative that provided low-income children and their families with early childhood education, nutritious meals, healthcare, and social services. CDGM stood out because it was one of the largest inaugural Head Start programs nationwide and because it was so closely aligned with Mississippi’s civil rights movement. Many of the Magnolia State’s black citizens who had lost their jobs because of their proximity to the movement, including Pap Hamer (husband of Fannie Lou Hamer) and Roxie Meredith (mother of James Meredith), secured CDGM employment. These well-paying jobs outside of the local white power structure disrupted the state’s racial and political status quo and provoked the ire of segregationists including United States Senator John C. Stennis (D-MS).

Sanders image for blog - Feb 12 1966 Wash Post

Black children as young as four and five years of age journeyed to the nation’s capitol to defend the merits of their Head Start program against allegations of fiscal mismanagement and black militancy. The preschoolers serenaded members of Congress with a rendition of “Who Stole the Cookie from the Cookie Jar?” They also demonstrated their arts-and-crafts skills with paintings and drawings created while sitting on the hearing room floor. The simulated Head Start classroom offered lawmakers a glimpse into the everyday instruction and importance of CDGM’s program.

Not one single member of Mississippi’s congressional delegation met with the group, but representatives from other states, including New York and Hawaii, did. Representative Joseph Resnick (D-NY) promised to get to the bottom of why CDGM had been without federal funds for five months. Two weeks after the preschool March on Washington, CDGM received a grant for $5.6 million to continue its statewide program. The Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), the federal agency that oversaw War on Poverty programs, approved the funds after finding no major problems in CDGM’s operation.

CDGM was about much more than cookies and crayons. Continue reading ‘Crystal R. Sanders: The 1966 Preschool March on Washington’ »

Excerpt: The Wilmington Ten, by Kenneth Robert Janken

janken_wilmingtonIn February 1971, racial tension surrounding school desegregation in Wilmington, North Carolina, culminated in four days of violence and skirmishes between white vigilantes and black residents. The turmoil resulted in two deaths, six injuries, more than $500,000 in damage, and the firebombing of a white-owned store, before the National Guard restored uneasy peace. Despite glaring irregularities in the subsequent trial, ten young persons were convicted of arson and conspiracy and then sentenced to a total of 282 years in prison. They became known internationally as the Wilmington Ten. A powerful movement arose within North Carolina and beyond to demand their freedom, and after several witnesses admitted to perjury, a federal appeals court, also citing prosecutorial misconduct, overturned the convictions in 1980.  Kenneth Janken narrates the dramatic story of the Ten, connecting their story to a larger arc of Black Power and the transformation of post–Civil Rights era political organizing.

In the following excerpt from The Wilmington Ten: Violence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s (pp. 11-14), Janken examines the sequence of interracial conflicts that kick-started a decade-long struggle between ten individuals and the powerful structures of racial and political injustice in Wilmington, North Carolina during the 1970s. 

###

The events surrounding what would become known as the Wilmington Ten began on Monday, 25 January 1971. A fight between black and white students from New Hanover High School in Wilmington, North Carolina, broke out during school hours at the Wildcat, a student hangout about a block from campus. It spilled over to the campus before being broken up by the police. Several students were injured, including Barbara Swain, an African American tenth grader who was cut with a knife by an unidentified white male student. But when Swain reported her injury to the school principal, he showed no interest in identifying the assailant, instead suspending her and four other black students. This incident capped a month of interracial conflict in Wilmington’s high schools. Three days later, one hundred African American students from the city’s two high schools assembled at Gregory Congregational Church to discuss their grievances. For instance, school administrators punished black students for fighting while letting whites go scot-free. The principal permitted adult-age white toughs to loiter on campus and assault black students. White male teachers harassed black students, and in one case a coach beat a black student over the head. They also demanded the establishment of a black studies curriculum and the commemoration of Martin Luther King’s birthday. Connie Tindall, one of the student leaders, declared Friday, 29 January, “Liberation Day” and announced a boycott of school until the school board addressed their grievances. “We’re not getting an education anyway,” said another student, “so why shouldn’t we stay out?”[1]

The boycott, which continued through the first week of February, was met with white Wilmington’s iron fist. The school board clamped down with suspensions and expulsions. The paramilitary Rights of White People group, aided and abetted by the police and the mayor, attacked the boycotters’ headquarters at Gregory Congregational Church in nighttime drive-by shootings. In response, students and community members, many of them veterans or active-duty soldiers from nearby military bases, established an armed defense of the church. Other blacks in Wilmington retaliated with arson, and property damage over the week of violence was estimated at hundreds of thousands of dollars. The violence culminated during the overnight hours of 6–7 February, when Mike’s, a grocery store near Gregory Church, was burned: the police shot and killed student leader Steve Mitchell, who had gone to check on it, and church defenders shot and killed Harvey Cumber, a white man who made it through police lines, parked his truck in front of the church, and pulled out a gun. On Sunday, 7 February, the North Carolina National Guard occupied Wilmington and imposed some level of order, though racial clashes persisted in the schools and struggles for justice continued in the streets.

The case of the Wilmington Ten emerged out of the events of February 1971. In an effort to lay blame for the violence and remove the effective and popular organizer Benjamin Chavis, the Wilmington police and state prosecutor—assisted by the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (BATF)—concocted a case against Chavis, eight other black men (five of them high school students), and one white woman. Arrested more than a year after the disturbances, they were charged with conspiracy, burning Mike’s Grocery, and shooting at the firefighters and police who responded to the fire. (Ann Shepard was charged only with conspiracy.) The prosecutor, with the assent of the presiding judge, illegally excluded blacks from the jury. He solicited perjured testimony from his main witnesses to convict the Ten, who were sentenced to a total of 282 years in prison. Their convictions sparked Continue reading ‘Excerpt: The Wilmington Ten, by Kenneth Robert Janken’ »

  1. [1] “5 Students Suspended for Fight,” Wilmington Morning Star, 26 January 1971, 20; “Black Student Group to Boycott Schools,” ibid., 29 January 1971, 2; Eugene Templeton, “Five Questions about Gregory’s Involvement in the New Hanover School Crisis—1971” [before June 1971], Heyward C. Bellamy Papers, box 16, folder 1, William M. Randall Library Special Collections, University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

UNC Press Black History Month Reading List 2016

In honor of Black History Month we are pleased to share with you the latest outstanding scholarship in African American studies. Here are books from UNC Press that are recently published, newly available in paperback, or forthcoming this spring and available for pre-order now. These works explore art, war, activism, music, education, medicine, politics, craft, social issues, literature, and more, bringing forth the voices and lived experiences of African Americans across more than 250 years.

To browse our complete African American studies collection visit the UNC Press website.

Here’s our reading list. Click on any image below to start the slideshow.

Shabana Mir: The Headscarf/Hijab Debate

Muslim American Women on Campus: Undergraduate Social Life and Identity, by Shabana MirWe welcome to the blog a guest post by Shabana Mir, author of Muslim American Women on Campus: Undergraduate Social Life and Identity. Mir’s powerful ethnographic study of women on Washington, D.C., college campuses reveals that being a young female Muslim in post-9/11 America means experiencing double scrutiny—scrutiny from the Muslim community as well as from the dominant non-Muslim community. Muslim American Women on Campus illuminates the processes by which a group of ethnically diverse American college women, all identifying as Muslim and all raised in the United States, construct their identities during one of the most formative times in their lives.

In today’s post, Mir focuses on debates over the headscarf/hijab, particularly as experienced by women on American college campuses who face pressure from multiple sources: peers, professors, parents, religious leaders, and mass media. 

###

Recently, a blogosphere debate erupted on headscarves/hijab among various Muslim women. The debate was preceded by physical harassment against visibly Muslim women (see this, this, this, and this). The worsened climate of Islamophobia was greeted with shock and disgust by a number of Americans. A number of non-Muslim women—Dr. Larycia Hawkins of Wheaton College, for instance—put on the headscarf as a gesture of solidarity with Muslims. While some Muslims critiqued hijab solidarity as a form of appropriation, many welcomed it as a well-intentioned and courageous gesture in difficult times.

At this particular moment, author Asra Nomani challenged the practice of hijab solidarity on the basis of patriarchal and oppressive practices that mandate the headscarf and other forms of modest clothing within such Muslim settings as Iran and Saudi Arabia. She called on Westerners to stand in solidarity against hijab. Various writers critiqued her response as a poorly timed, oppressive, and pro-imperialist argument.

The various tropes and moments in this debate are not novel.

Several years ago, I wrote an article where I pointed out the many types of Muslim women’s religiously identified clothing practices, and the diversity of situational politics that lend diverse meanings to these practices. Muslim women’s clothing is capable of bearing a broad range of meanings. To distil singular meanings for any item of clothing (such as the headscarf) across all settings is simply absurd, as it is to interpret hijab or high heels as always agentic/empowering or perpetually oppressive.

In Muslim American Women on Campus, I examine Muslim American undergraduate women’s clothing practices on a continuum of sorts—hijab, modest clothing without hijab, and so on. Women shift from point to point on the continuum at various times and in different spaces. Clothing certainly is an important facet of Muslim women’s construction of religious, American, and ethnic identities. And some parents, imams, professors, Muslim peers, and non-Muslim peers pressure Muslim American young women to wear and/or abjure hijab, modest or immodest clothing, etc. Clothing and hijab are certainly a big deal, but not always in the sense that Asra Nomani interprets them. Often they are stressful in the opposite sense. Continue reading ‘Shabana Mir: The Headscarf/Hijab Debate’ »

Excerpt: The Trials of Laura Fair: Sex, Murder, and Insanity in the Victorian West, by Carole Haber

haber_trials_PBOn November 3, 1870, on a San Francisco ferry, Laura Fair shot a bullet into the heart of her married lover, A. P. Crittenden. Throughout her two murder trials, Fair’s lawyers, supported by expert testimony from physicians, claimed that the shooting was the result of temporary insanity caused by a severely painful menstrual cycle. The first jury disregarded such testimony, choosing instead to focus on Fair’s disreputable character. In the second trial, however, an effective defense built on contemporary medical beliefs and gendered stereotypes led to a verdict that shocked Americans across the country. In this rousing history, Carole Haber probes changing ideas about morality and immorality, masculinity and femininity, love and marriage, health and disease, and mental illness to show that all these concepts were reinvented in the Victorian West.

In the following excerpt from The Trials of Laura Fair: Sex, Murder, and Insanity in the Victorian West (pp. 79-84), Haber describes Laura Fair’s first trial where the defense focused primarily on her character, possible insanity, and the definition of victim. 

###

While the prosecution had the privilege of both opening and closing the case, the defense struggled to leave the jury with a radically different vision of the defendant. In questioning the witnesses, as well as in their initial remarks and summations, defense attorneys Elisha Cook and Leander Quint attempted to convince the jury that Laura Fair bore little resemblance to the prosecution’s portrayal of the wanton woman who had boldly attacked all social conventions and maliciously took the life of her repentant lover. Were she truly the evil and manipulative woman described by the prosecution, the defense contended, her actions would have been far different. Rather than “shoot the man she loved, the man she adored above all other living beings,” her target would have been his wife, Clara, and her plan would have been conducted in a most secretive manner.[1] Instead, surrounded by witnesses, she had murdered “her idol—her very self, her own existence, all she lived for . . . her life centering in his being!”[2] This action left only one possible interpretation. Neither evil nor manipulating, Laura was simply a sick and helpless victim. Beset by dysmenorrhea and women’s “organic” difficulties, she had acted out of an irrational impulse. If there were a villain in this narrative, the defense contended, the fault lay entirely with Alexander Crittenden. Hardly the ideal husband and father portrayed by the prosecution, he was a selfish libertine who controlled Laura’s behavior. Over seven long years, his repeated lies and deception led to the destruction of her name and her standing in the community. Thus, much like male defendants who had been driven temporarily insane by their wives’ deception, she lost the ability to behave rationally. Shocked by the realization of his dishonesty and suffering from recurring hysteria, she unconsciously committed an insane act.

In creating this scenario, the defense rejected the prosecution’s assertion that a guilty finding and Laura’s subsequent execution were essential if the morality of the community were to be preserved. According to their narrative, Laura was a hapless and rather naive female who had been seduced by an older, powerful, and extremely immoral man. Like any frail woman, and much like the jurymen’s own wives, daughters, and sisters, she required not their condemnation but their sympathy and support. As in the case of Mary Harris, who had also suffered from menstrual insanity, Laura deserved not to die but to be protected by twelve understanding and chivalrous men.

In arguing that the jury had to find Laura “not guilty by reason of insanity,” Quint and Cook hoped to focus their attention around four central issues. At the heart of their case, they argued, was the notion that Laura was unconscious and irrational at the time of the murder. In contrast to the prosecution, which had relied on gossip and rumor to condemn Laura’s character, they would base their case on the latest scientific findings and medical expertise. By calling to the stand doctors with advanced knowledge and training, they would prove that Laura—much like Mary Harris before her—was a victim herself, captive to the effects of severe organic disease. Especially when her menstrual cycle approached, she experienced recurring bouts of hysterical mania that left her without control of her actions or awareness of events. Thus, no matter how heinous the act appeared, she was not responsible for its commission. Continue reading ‘Excerpt: The Trials of Laura Fair: Sex, Murder, and Insanity in the Victorian West, by Carole Haber’ »

  1. [1] Official Report of the Trial, 49.
  2. [2] Ibid.

Video: Patricia Appelbaum on St. Francis, America’s Most Popular Saint

Patricia Appelbaum, author of St. Francis of America: How a Thirteenth-Century Friar Became America’s Most Popular Sainttalks to Peggy Bendroth as part of the History Matters series at the Congregational Library and Archives.

In the following video, Appelbaum shares how St. Francis has become an enduring part of twenty-first century America.

Patricia Appelbaum, an independent scholar of religion and American culture, is author of St. Francis of America: How a Thirteenth-Century Friar Became America’s Most Popular Saint and Kingdom to Commune: Protestant Pacifist Culture between World War I and the Vietnam Era.

To keep up with the author’s encounters with St. Francis of America, follow her website St. Francis Sightings. For posts by Appelbaum on the UNC Press blog, see “Pope Francis and the 1967 Theologians” and “Protestant Blessings and Cultural Change.”

Cornell, Georgia, and Calgary Select Longleaf Services for Fulfillment and Publishing Services

Longleaf Services logo

Longleaf Services is pleased to welcome Cornell University Press and the University of Georgia Press as full-service fulfillment and publishing services clients. The books of both presses will be available from Longleaf effective July 1, 2016.

Longleaf will also begin providing U.S. sales, marketing, and fulfillment services for the University of Calgary Press effective March 1, 2016.

“Longleaf offers an innovative vision and a diverse array of services that are designed to ensure the long-term sustainability of university press publishing,” said Dean Smith, director of Cornell University Press. “We are grateful to have this opportunity and look forward to a dynamic partnership that will enhance our publishing program.”

Lisa Bayer, director of the University of Georgia Press said, “The University of Georgia Press selected its first external distribution partner very carefully. Longleaf’s excellent reputation, unique client-focused structure, and comprehensive suite of publishing services will serve us well.”

“The opportunity to work collaboratively on both distribution and marketing with our counterparts south of the border will, we believe, increase our reach throughout North America,” added Brian Scrivener, director of the University of Calgary Press.

Robbie Dircks, president of Longleaf Services, added, “We’re pleased to welcome Cornell University Press, the University of Georgia Press, and the University of Calgary Press as Longleaf client publishers. The addition of new publishers under the Longleaf umbrella further increases our economies of scale as we continue to provide new publishing solutions that allow
our client publishers to focus on their core mission of content acquisition and dissemination.”

About Longleaf Services
Longleaf Services, Inc., provides complete fulfillment services for not-for-profit scholarly publishers. Operating with a collaborative philosophy, it enables client publishers to enhance their competitiveness, improve operating efficiencies, and create economies of scale, resulting in better service to their customers and lowering overall operating costs for both publisher and book buyer. A 501(c)3 organization, Longleaf Services commenced operations in 2006 and currently
provides services for Louisiana State University Press, Rutgers University Press, Syracuse University Press, the University of Nebraska Press, the University of North Carolina Press, and the University of the West Indies Press. Learn more about Longleaf Services at www.longleafservices.org.

In addition to traditional fulfillment services, Longleaf also offers print-on-demand, short-run printing, digital asset management, and eBook distribution through an arrangement with Ingram Content Services and its Lightning Source and CoreSource divisions. Longleaf also offers EDP services, website design and hosting through an arrangement with Supadü, and marketing relationships with Edelweiss from Above the Treeline, Bookgrabbr, and Aerbook.

About Cornell University Press
Cornell University Press was established in 1869, giving it the distinction of being the first university press to be established in the United States, although it was inactive for several decades between 1890 and 1930. From that beginning, the Press has grown to be a major scholarly publisher, offering over 100 new titles a year in the humanities and social sciences. Its many books in the life sciences and natural history, including field guides, are published under the Comstock Publishing Associates imprint, and a distinguished list of books in labor and employment relations, the health care professions, and human resources is offered under its ILR Press imprint.

About the University of Georgia Press
Since its founding in 1938, the primary mission of the University of Georgia Press has been to support and enhance the university’s place as a major research institution by publishing outstanding works of scholarship and literature by scholars and writers throughout the world. The University of Georgia Press is the oldest and largest book publisher in the state. It currently publishes 60-70 new books a year and has a long history of publishing significant scholarship, as well as creative and literary works, and books about the state and the region for general readers.

About the University of Calgary Press
Founded in 1981, the University of Calgary Press publishes peer-reviewed scholarly books that connect local experience to the global community, helping to create a deeper understanding of human dynamics in a changing world. Through open-access publishing, it makes its authors’ research accessible to the widest possible audience.

###